1. Department of Health, United Kingdom. Weaning and the weaning diet. Report of the Working Group on the Weaning Diet of the Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy. London, H.M.

Stationery Office, 1994 (Report on Health and Social Subjects, No. 45).

2. Lawrence, P.B. Breast milk: best source of nutrition for term and preterm infants. Pediatric clinics of North America, 41: 925-941 (1994).

3. Complementary feeding of young children in developing countries: a review of current scientific knowledge. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1998 (document WHO/NUT/98.1).

4. O’Connor, D.L. Folate status during pregnancy and lactation. In: Allen, L.H. et al., ed. Nutrient regulation during pregnancy, lactation and infant growth. New York, Plenum Press, 1994, pp. 157-172.

5. American Academy of Pediatrics. Working Group on Breastfeeding. Breastfeeding and the use of human milk. Pediatrics, 100: 10351039 (1997).

6. Heinig, M.J. & Dewey, K.G. Health advantages of breastfeeding for infants: a critical review.

Nutrition research reviews, 9: 89110 (1996).

7. Heinig, M.J. & Dewey, K.G. Health effects ofbreastfeeding for mothers: a critical review. Nutrition research reviews, 10: 35-56 (1997).

8. Golding, J. Breastfeeding: benefits and hazards. Methodology and summary of results. Early human development, 49 (Suppl.): S45- S74 (1997).

9. Victora, C.G. et al. Evidence for protecting by breast-feeding against infant deaths from infectious diseases in Brazil. Lancet, 2: 319-322 (1987).

10. Briend, A. et al. Breastfeeding, nutritional state, and child survival in rural Bangladesh. British medical journal, 296: 879-882 (1988).

11. Forsyth, J.S. The relationship between breast-feeding and infant health and development. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 54: 407- 418(1995).


Wilson, A.C. et al. Relation of infant diet to childhood health: seven year follow up of cohort of children in Dundee infant feeding study. British medical journal, 346: 21-25 (1998).

13. Cushing, A.H. et al. Breastfeeding reduces the risk of respiratory illness in infants. American journal of epidemiology, 147: 863-870 (1999).

14. Howie, P.W. et al. Protective effect of breastfeeding against infection. British medical journal, 300: 11-16 (1990).

15. Weaver, L.T. et al. Human milk IgA concentrations during the first year of lactation. Archives of disease in childhood, 78: 235-239 (1998).

16. Briend, A. & Bari, A. Breastfeeding improves survival, but not nutritional status, of 12-35 month old children in rural Bangladesh. European journal of clinical nutrition, 43: 603-608 (1989).

17. M0lbak, K. et al. Prolonged breastfeeding, diarrhoeal disease, and survival of children in Guinea-Bissau. British medical journal, 308:1403-1406 (1994).

18. Mitra, A.K. & Rabbani, F. The importance of breastfeeding in minimising mortality and morbidity from diarrhoeal diseases: the Bangladesh perspective. Journal of diarrhoeal disease research, 13: 1-7 (1995).

19. Schanler, R.J. & Atkinson, S.A. Effects of nutrients in human milk on the recipient premature infant. Journal of mammary gland biology and neoplasia, 4: 297-307 (1999).

20. Cesar, J.A. etal. Impact of breastfeeding on admission for pneumonia during postneonatal period in Brazil: nested case-control study. British medical journal, 318: 1316-1320 (1999).

21. Teele, D.W. et al. Greater Boston Otitis Media Study Group. Epidemiology of otitis media during the first seven years of life in children in greater Boston: a prospective, cohort study. Journal of infectious diseases, 160: 83-94 (1989).

22. Duncan, B. et al. Exclusive breastfeeding for at least 4 months protects against otitis media. Pediatrics, 91: 867-872 (1993).

23. Owen, M.J. et al. Relation of infant feeding practices, cigarette smoke exposure, and group child care to the onset and duration of otitis media with effusion in the first two years of life.

Journal of pediatrics, 123: 702-711 (1993).

24. Dewey, K.G. et al. Differences in morbidity between breast-fed and formula-fed infants. Journal of pediatrics, 126: 696-702 (1995).

25. Andersson, B. et al. Inhibition of attachment of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae by human milk and receptor oligosaccharides. Journal of infectious diseases, 153: 232-237 (1986).

26. Cochi, S.L. et al. Primary invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b disease: a population-based assessment of risk factors. Journal of pediatrics, 108: 887-896 (1986).

27. Takala, A.K. et al. Risk factors of invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b disease among children in Finland. Journal of pediatrics, 115: 694-701 (1989).

28. Arnon, S.S. et al. Protective role of human milk against sudden death from infant botulism. Journal of pediatrics, 100: 568-573 (1982).

29. Pisacane, A. et al. Breastfeeding and urinary tract infection. Journal of pediatrics, 120: 87-89 (1992).

30. Hasselbalch, H. et al. Decreased thymus size in formula-fed infants compared with breast-fed infants. Acta paediatrica, 85: 1029-1032 (1996).

31. Hanson, L.A. Breastfeeding provides passive and likely long-lasting active immunity. Annals of allergy, asthma, and immunology, 81: 523-533 (1998).

32. Gerstein, H.C. Cow’s milk exposure and type I diabetes mellitus. Diabetes care, 17: 13-19 (1994).

33. Verge, C.F. et al. Environmental factors in childhood IDDM. Diabetes care, 17: 1381-1389 (1994).

34. Virtanen, S.M. & Aro, A. Dietary factors and the aetiology of diabetes. Annals of medicine, 26: 469-478 (1994).

35. Karjalainen, J. et al. A bovine albumin peptide as a possible trigger of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. New England journal of medicine, 327: 302-307 (1992).

36. Saukkonen, T. et al. Children with newly diagnosed IDDM have increased levels of antibodies to bovine serum albumin but not to ovalbumin. Childhood Diabetes in Finland study group. Diabetes care, 17: 970-976 (1994).


Levy-Marchal, C. et al. Antibodies against bovine albumin and other diabetes markers in French children. Diabetes care, 18: 1089-1094 (1995).

38. Rigas, A. et al. Breastfeeding and maternal smoking in the etiology of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis in childhood. Annals of epidemiology, 3: 387-392 (1993).

39. Davis, M.K. Review of the evidence for an association between infant feeding and childhood cancer. International journal of cancer, 11 (Suppl.): 29-33 (1998).

40. Shu, X.O. et al. Breastfeeding and risk of childhood acute leukaemia. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 91: 1765-1772 (1999).

41. von Kries, R. et al. Breastfeeding and obesity: cross sectional study. British medical journal, 319: 147-150 (1999).

42. Bahna, S.L. Breast milk and special formulas in prevention of milk allergy. Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 310: 445451 (1991).

43. Kramer, M.S. Does breastfeeding help protect against atopic disease? Biology, methodology, and a golden jubilee of controversy. Journal of pediatrics, 112: 181-190 (1988).

44. Kay, J. et al. The prevalence of childhood atopic eczema in a general population. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 30: 35-39 (1994).

45. Golding, J. et al. Eczema, asthma and allergy. Early human development, 49 (Suppl.): S121-S130 (1997).

46. Hoffman, H.J. et al. Risk factors for SIDS. Results of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development SIDS Cooperative Epidemiological Study. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 533: 13-31 (1988).

47. Ford, R.P.K. et al. Breastfeeding and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. International journal of epidemiology, 22: 885-890 (1993).

48. Anderson, J.W. et al. Breast-feeding and cognitive development: a meta-analysis. American journal of clinical nutrition, 70: 525-535 (1999).

49. Kennel, J.H. & Klaus, M.H. Early mother-infant contact. Effects on the mother and the infant. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 43: 69-78 (1979).


Armstrong, H.C. Breastfeeding as the foundation of care. Food and nutrition bulletin, 16: 299-312 (1995).

51. Zue, B.P. et al. Effect of the interval between pregnancies on perinatal outcomes. New England journal of medicine, 340: 589-594 (1999).

52. Consensus statement. Breastfeeding as a family planning method. Lancet, 2: 1204-1205 (1988).

53. Kennedy, K.I. & Visness, C.M. Contraceptive efficacy of lactational amenorrhoea. Lancet, 339: 227-229 (1992).

54. Labbok, M.H et al. The Lactational Amenorrhoea Method (LAM): a postpartum introductory family planning method with policy and program implications. Advances in contraception, 10: 93-109 (1994).

55. Breastfeeding and child spacing. What health workers need to know. Geneva, World Health Organization,1988 (document WHO/MCH/ FP/88.1).

56. Department of Health, United Kingdom. Dietary reference values for food energy and nutrients for the United Kingdom. Report of the Panel on Dietary Reference Values of the Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy. London, H.M. Stationery Office, 1991 (Report on Health and Social Subjects, No. 41).

57. Brown, K.H. & Dewey, K.G. Relationships between maternal nutritional status and milk energy output of women in developing countries. In: Picciano, M.F. & Lonnerdal, B., ed. Mechanisms regulating lactation and infant nutrient utilization. New York, Wiley-Liss, 1992, pp. 7795.

58. Healthy food and nutrition for women and their families. Training course and workshop curriculum for health professionals. Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2000 (document AMS 5018052).

59. CINDI dietary guide. Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2000 (document AMS 5018028).

60. Infant feeding in emergencies: a guide for mothers. Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for Europe, 1997 (document EUR/ICP/LVNG 01 02 08).

61. Breastfeeding counselling: training course. Vol. 2. Trainer’s guide. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1993 (document WHO/CDR/ 93.4).


Vinther, T. & Helsing, E. Breastfeeding: how to support success. A practical guide for health workers. Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for Europe, 1997 (document EUR/ICP/LVNG 01 02 12).

63. Prentice, A. et al. Evidence for local feedback control of human milk secretion. Biochemical Society transactions, 17: 122 (1989).

64. Wilde, C.J. et al. Breastfeeding: matching supply with demand in human lactation. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 54: 401-406 (1995).

65. Dewey, K.G. et al. WHO Working Group on Infant Growth. Growth of breast fed infants deviates from current reference data: a pooled analysis of US, Canadian, and European data sets. Pediatrics, 96: 495-503 (1995).

66. Resolution WHA45.34 of the Forty-fifth World Health Assembly. In:

Handbook of resolutions and decisions of the World Health Assembly and the Executive Board, Vol. 3, 3rd ed. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1993, pp.64-66.

67. Prentice, A. Breast feeding and the older infant. Acta paediatrica scandinavica, 374 (Suppl.): 78-88 (1991).

68. Baronowski, T. et al. Social support, social influence, ethnicity and the breastfeeding decision. Social science and medicine, 17: 1599-1611 (1983).

69. Lizarraga, J.L. et al. Psychosocial and economic factors associated with infant feeding intentions of adolescent mothers. Journal of adolescent health, 13: 676-681 (1992).

70. Entwisle, D.R. et al. Sociopsychological determinants of women’s breastfeeding behavior: a replication and extension. American journal of orthopsychiatry, 52: 244-260 (1982).

71. Labbok, M.H. & Simon, S.R. A community study of a decade of inhospital breast-feeding: implications for breast-feeding promotion. American journal of preventive medicine, 4: 62-66 (1988).

72. Giugliani, E.R.J. et al. Effect of breastfeeding support from different sources on mother’s decisions to breastfeed. Journal of human lactation, 10: 157-161 (1994).

73. Evidence for the ten steps to successful breastfeeding. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1998 (document WHO/CHD/98.9).

74. International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1981.

75. Protecting infant health. A health worker’s guide to the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes. Penang, International Baby Food Action Network, 1993.

76. Commission Directive 91/321/EEC on infant formulae and follow- on formulae. Official journal of the European Communities, L 175: 35 (1991).

77. Perez-Escamilla, R. et al. Determinants of lactation performance across time in an urban population from Mexico. Social science and medicine, 37: 1069-1078 (1993).

78. HIV and infant feeding. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1998 (documents WHO/FRH/NUT 98.1, 98.2 and 98.3).

79. Principles for evaluating health risks from chemicals during infancy and early childhood: The need for a special approach. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1986 (Environmental Health Criteria, No. 59).

80. Grandjean, P et al., ed. Assessment of health risks in infants associated with exposure to PCBs, PCDDs and PCDFs in breast milk. Report on a WHO Working Group. Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for

Europe, 1988 (document EUR/ICP/CEH 533; Environmental Health Series, No. 29).

81. US National Research Council. Pesticides in the diets of infants and young children. Washington, DC, National Academy Press, 1993.

82. Breastfeeding and maternal medication. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1995 (document WHO/CDR/95.11).

83. Treatment of tuberculosis: guidelines for national programmes, 2nd ed. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1997 (document WHO/TB/ 97.220).

84. de Martino, M. et al. Should hepatitis B surface antigen positive mothers breast feed? Archives of disease in childhood, 60: 972-974 (1985).

85. Spencer, J.D. et al. Transmission of hepatitis C virus to infants of human immunodeficiency virus-negative intravenous drug-using mothers: rate of infection and assessment of risk factors for transmission. Journal of viral hepatology, 4: 395-409 (1997).

86. Kage, M. et al. Hepatitis C virus RNA present in saliva but absent in breast-milk of the hepatitis C carrier mother. Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology, 12: 518-521 (1997).

87. Ortega, R.M. et al. The influence of smoking on vitamin C status during the third trimester of pregnancy and on vitamin C levels in maternal milk. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 17: 379-384 (1998).

88. Kotloff, K.L. et al. Diarrhoeal morbidity during the first 2 years of life among HIV-infected infants. Journal of the American Medical Association, 271: 448-452 (1994).

89. Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme. Recommended international standards for foods for infants and children. Rome, Codex Alimentarius Commission, 1976 (CAC/RS 72/74-1976).

90. Cup feeding. BFHI news. The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative newsletter. New York, United Nations Children’s Fund, May/June 1999.

91. Victora, C.G. et al. Pacifier-use and short breastfeeding duration: cause, consequence or coincidence? Pediatrics, 99: 445-453 (1997).

<< | >>
Источник: Kim Fleischer Michaelsen, Lawrence Weaver, Francesco Branca и Aileen Robertson. Кормление и питание грудных детей и детей раннего возраста. Методические рекомендации для Европейского региона ВОЗ с особым акцентом на республики бывшего Советского Союза0000. 0000

Еще по теме ЛИТЕРАТУРА:

  1. Литература
  3. Список используемой литературы
  5. Литература
  6. Литература
  7. Литература
  8. Литература
  9. Литература
  10. Литература
  11. Литература
  12. Литература